The history of Nepal carries the brave and glorious facts as always being a sovereign and independent country. Nepal has never been under foreign domination as its neighboring states. Nepal is a small landlocked country located in the Himalaya with two neighbors India and China. It is a multicultural, multiethnic, multilingual, and multi-religious country where people interested to live united with peace and harmony. The country is a perfect example of “unity in diversity”.
The political history of Nepal has a long way back to begin from earlier. Many historical events and evidence are proofs. The state was ruled by many dynasties over the years until King Prithvi Narayan Shah unified it into greater Nepal. Lichchhavi, Kirati, Malla, Thakuri, and Shah dynasty are the ruler of Nepal. There were many autonomous states in Nepal that were unified by King Prithvi Narayan Shah to bring those small states together into one nation in the 17th century. Later, the Anglo-Nepal War happened from 1814 to 1816. During this war, Prime Minister Jung Bahadur Rana expanded the powers widely and established the Rana Rules until 1951. Then King Tribhuvan started a revolution against the autocracy of Rana and bring democracy in 1959. Nepal experienced the liberal monarchy system for three decades then a revolution started to bring a democratic political system. Many political parties have been established in a short period of time in Nepal. Now the country follows the constitution of 2015 where they follow the Federal Republic System.
The revolutions in Nepal have changed the lifestyle and cultures in Nepal. The country also has a unique cultural history. During the period of the Malla dynasty, they built monuments like Changu Narayan Temple and Krishna Temple in Patan which are under preservation by UNESCO and has been declared as World Heritage sites. Rana also built many historical monuments inside the Kathmandu Valley. These ancient arts and cultures have become major attractions for tourists nowadays.